The project’s goal is to create an alternative system of agriculture, especially dedicated to those areas where environmental conditions, economical or morphologic reasons make plants growth extremely difficult. Our system aims to create a system that utilizes natural resources already available, try the foremost important one being the oceans and other bodies of water. . Year by year we are discovering new possible applications: underwater green houses, underwater lab with a higher pressure environment for research, a tourist attraction and an unbelievable futuristic experience that can change the future.
After the positive experiences collected in the period 2012-2016, Nemo’s Garden Project starts again in 2017 trying to improve the knowledge not only about engineering and underwater installation of structures dedicated to the growth of vegetables for human consumption and medical applications, but also about the physical-chemical-biological processes occurring during the plants development under sea.
Technology developed in the framework of Nemo’s Garden Project can help create efficient plant production in an alternative and economical way in respect to standard greenhouses, looking at new branches of green and blue economy.
Nemo’s Garden Project may be described with three keywords:
- Eco-friendly: the underwater farm determines very minimal, if none, interaction with the marine environment and related ecosystems, exception made for a positive shelter-like effect.
- Self-sustainable: the underwater agriculture represents an alternative solution to the existing methods (sustainability). The use of renewable energy, the resource savings, the fresh water creation and its possible reutilization make Nemo’s Garden a self-sustainable system. Indeed, once the crop system has been activated by using fresh water obtained by desalination of seawater, it continues to sustain itself without any external support.
- Ecological: no pollution and no damage in the seawater occur. Inside each underwater farm an efficient ecosystem, composed of dynamically interacting parts including organisms (plants) and non-living components of their environment, is developed. Life processes, interactions, movements of materials and energy through living communities, biodiversity in the context of the marine environment are established.